The recent outbreak of the pandemic Coronavirus has lead to the continuous use of the term PPE.
Medical practitioners who deal with infected patients complain about the insufficiency of PPE supply.
To curb the spread of the virus the medical personnel who relate closely to these infected patients have to be fully protected and shielded to avoid contacting the virus.
According to world health organization the shortage of PPE Is caused not only by the Coronavirus but by the panic buying lot of people are engaging in caused by the fear that there would soon be a scarcity of PPE.
10 out of 50 people should have heard the word PPE but only half may actually know what the term PPE means.
The word PPE is the acronym for personal protective equipment. It is used by certain industries(health, construction) as a cover or safety gadget used to protect the user from infection, illness, or injury.
The illness or injuries could be contacted from chemical, physical, radiological, mechanical exposure a particular hazard or illness.
This shows that the eye is a very sensitive organ that needs to be protected against certain work accidents such as a sudden splash of chemicals into eyes, penetration of sharp objects, or flying particles.
Eye protection equipment include,
safety goggles (laser, chemical and general safety goggles),
When to use an eye protection
You are advised to use an eye protector if you engage in activities that expose you to the use of laser, gas, or other highly dangerous substances.
You would also require an eye protection gadget if you are engaging in welding or mixing of chemicals.
The hand is responsible for handling most of the activities hence it should be protected against physical, chemical, and radiological hazards.
Hand gear should be selected based on the kind of activities the user engages in.
Examples of hand personal protective equipment include;
Gloves(latex, insulated, wire mesh and chemical resistant gloves),
Wrist cuff arm nets and
When to use a hand protection?
Hand protection equipment should be used when handling chemicals and other erroneous materials.
In a construction site, hand gear is required, you should also use a hand PPE if you are exposed to sharp objects.
If you are working in an extremely cold or hot environment, then a hand PPE is also very essential.
Some gases are very dangerous and shouldn’t be inhaled, hence the respiratory system needs to be protected.
The proper usage of the respiratory kit is the key, hence workers should be extensively trained on how to make use of the respiratory equipment.
Examples of respiratory equipment include;
Half or full face masks
Disposable face masked.
When to use Respiratory protection
Suitable for those working in close contact with chemical gases and vapor.
In a working environment where the level of dust is extreme, respiratory protection is also required.
Body protection is required when working in an environment that requires full body coverage in order to prevent the spread of an infection or as a preventive measure against certain environmental hazards.
Examples of body protection include;
Suitable clothes based on the temperature of the work environment ( cold or hot)
Coats (lab, Nomex, barrier coat)
High visibility cloth
When to use a body protection
If you work in the chemical industry, a body protection equipment is required.
Use a body PPE when you work in an extremely hot or cold working environment.
Working in an isolated or quarantined area, you need proper body protection to prevent the spread of the illness.
Foot personal protective equipment serves to protect the feet from certain work hazards such as slippery floor, electricity, harsh temperatures.
Foot PPE includes;
When to use a foot protection?
When handling heavy objects
Working with chemicals.
Most industrial companies use highly functional but loud machines to perform a certain production.
This loud sound could be highly disturbing and unhealthy for the ears. Hearing protection should be well suited and comfortable to the user.
Earplugs (disposable and reusable)
What is PPE standard?
According to OSHA(Occupational safety and health act of 1970) a body responsible for ensuring the safety of employees in the workplace.