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Narcissistic personality disorder

Narcissistic personality disorder

Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a personality disorder where a person thinks too highly of themselves, they also have an inflated need for relevance, admiration and attention, gets to feel unhappy, sad or even mad when they are not given the attention or praise, they believe they deserve.

NPD has a lot of demeaning effects and could affect many areas of a person’s life. Mainly at their jobs, school and relationships if not managed well or worked on.

Traits a Person with NPD Possesses

People with NPD are usually:

  • Arrogant
  • Self-Centered
  • Demanding

They are very full of themselves, believe they are superior and more special compared to others. They also do not take any form of criticism likely, react poorly to it.

They like being the center of attention every time, always need excessive praise and admiration from people.

Symptoms of NPD

In most cases, people with NPD do not know till they attain adulthood, you are likely to have NPD if you portray the following symptoms:

  • If you come across as pretentious and boastful
  • Unfulfilling friendships and relationships
  • When you get very unhappy and upset when you are not getting noticed or praised
  • Very controlling and manipulative

As a person portraying most of these traits, you possibly have NPD, scheduling an appointment with a mental health professional should be the first step to take in getting help.

Thankfully, the new edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) published by the American Psychiatric Association have been recommended for use when trying to diagnose NPD. The DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for NPD includes:

  • Having an inflated sense of self-importance and entitlement
  • The constant need for praise and admiration
  • Always expecting special treatment due to perceived superiority
  • Exaggerating your achievements & talents
  • Negative reactions to criticism
  • Being preoccupied with fantasies about power, success and beauty
  • Taking advantage of others
  • Inability or refusal to recognize the needs & feelings of other people
  • Being arrogant

Narcissistic personality disorder

Causes of NPD

The actual cause of NPD is not well understood. However, inherited genetic defects are thought to be the cause of the majority cases of NPD

Other environmental factors that could cause NPD includes:

  • Over Pampering of a Child
  • Sexual Promiscuity
  • Child abuse or neglect

narcissistic personality disorder treatment

Psychotherapy is the primary treatment for NPD, if symptoms of NPD occur alongside depression or any other mental condition then appropriate medications may be required to treat the other disorder.

  • Psychotherapy can help you improve on how to communicate better with people
  • Helps improve your personal relationships
  • Helps you understand and manage your feelings
  • Helps you learn how to react and handle criticism, rejection and failures.
  • Cope with any self-esteem issues

Apart from psychotherapy, other lifestyles remedy that may help as you go through the therapy includes:

  • Avoid trigger substances like drugs, alcohol
  • Practice yoga and mediation to deal with stress and anxiety

It is important you understand that recovering from NPD takes time, therefore, go easy on yourself, be dedicated to therapy and other recovery methods, stay motivated.