Allergy Headaches And How to Treat Them

Allergy Headaches
Allergy Headaches

Allergy Headaches And How to Treat Them

If headaches always make you feel pain then imagine how allergy headaches will make you feel. It is usually caused by several allergens, especially seasonal allergies.

Allergy Headaches cause two types of headaches; a sinus headache and a migraine. These headaches are symptoms that often occur when you are having some type of allergy.

Would you like to know more about allergy headaches? Then you should keep reading.

What is an allergy headache

Allergy Headaches is a symptom that indicates that one is allergic to a particular allergen.

It occurs mostly when you are allergic to seasonal changes in the environment such as pollen from trees, grasses and weed. It also occurs when you are allergic to certain food.

This seasonal allergy often results in allergic rhinitis leading to allergy headaches.

If you are having a severe headache that is persistent and is accompanied by other symptoms then you should see a doctor to know exactly what you are allergic to.

Allergy Headache

Types of allergy headaches

There are two types of Allergy headaches:

  • Sinus headache
  • Migraine headache

●     Sinus headache

A sinus headache is a type of allergy headaches that affects the sinuses. It is often caused by a seasonal allergy. In many experiences,

Sinus headache is not severe but brings discomfort. It feels like your whole face aches, the sinuses are swollen and the nasal cavity is obstructed.

The main allergen that causes sinus headache is hay fever and this could lead to inflammation of the sinuses and nasal cavity.

Are you having a sinus headache and you cannot tell? Here are some symptoms:

  • Pain at the top of the head or behind the cheek.
  • Nasal congestion
  • Sneezing
  • Watery eyes
  • Runny nose.

If your sinus headache is severe then it could be a result of both the inflammation of the sinuses and the nasal cavity; a condition known as rhinosinusitis. This can lead to severe symptoms like

  • Headaches in front of the head
  • Swelling around forehead and cheeks.
  • Pain in the ears,teeth and face
  • A toothache
  • Stuffy nose
  • Reduces sense of smell

Doctors usually use these symptoms to diagnose if you are having chronic rhinosinusitis.

You should see a doctor if you are experiencing these symptoms as it can affect your overall state of health.

●     Migraine headache

Allergy headaches can cause migraines and these cause throbbing in the head. It is usually confused with sinus headaches in most cases because they both have similar symptoms. People with migraines are more likely to have allergies.

Migraine allergy headaches normally occur in one side of the head. It may arise with other symptoms such as nausea, watery eyes, runny nose and sensitivity to light.

An allergen that causes migraines is a seasonal allergy. You experience them during allergy seasons although it can worsen due to changes in the weather and exposure to other allergens.

Symptoms includes;

  • pain at one side of the head
  • runny nose
  • Watery eyes
  • Nasal congestion
  • Nausea

These symptoms are similar to sinus headaches.

Recent studies suggest that when you’re having a headache due to an allergy, it is likely that the pain and pressure you feel is a migraine and not a sinus headache.

However,  proper diagnosis should be made by your doctor to ensure if you are having a sinus or a migraine headache as treatment varies for each of them.


An allergy headache occurs when you have hay fever and hay fever is caused when you are allergic to pollen from trees, grass, and weed. It seldom occurs when you are allergic to certain food.

Other triggers of sinus headache include

  • Dust mites
  • Food such as peanuts, milk, eggs and nuts.
  • Pet dander
  • Molds
  • Cockroaches

Other triggers of migraine headache include

  • Food intolerances such as chocolate, alcohol, caffeine, cheese and citrus.
  • Stress, depression and anxiety
  • Some medications such as sleeping pills, birth control etc
  • Environmental hazards such as loud noises, smoke, strong smell, bright lights
  • Excess exercise
  • Poor posture
  • Dehydration
  • Shoulder or neck pain

Allergy Headaches treatment

How do you prevent allergy headaches

The best way to prevent allergy headaches is to prevent allergens that can cause headaches. You have to visit a doctor to ensure your headache is as a result of an allergy.

If you have an allergy and you want to prevent having an allergic headache. Then you have to stay away from every allergen that may cause hay fever. This is because hay fever is the main cause of allergy headaches.

Seasonal allergy is also known as hay fever often indicates symptoms of headache, to prevent them you should;

  1. Keep your windows and doors shut at all times during spring, summer, or at fall to prevent particles of pollen from coming into the house.
  2. Limit the time you spend outdoors during this season to avoid inhaling tiny particles of pollen.
  3. Wear a dust mask or a nose mask when you are outside during this season.
  4. Install a HEPA filter in your air conditioner during summer to make your home cool.

Treatment and home remedy

If you have a headache that is caused by an allergy then this treatment may help

  • Antihistamines
  • Over the counter pain relief medication
  • Oral or nasal decongestant
  • Saline nasal spray
  • Allergy shots or immunotherapy can also help. It is an injection given to people with severe allergies.

Home Remedy

If your symptoms of allergy headaches are not severe then you can try the following home remedy.

  • Inhale steam from a container of hot water, with a towel wrapped over the head to help enclose the steam.
  • Use a warm, damp washcloth to pat the face daily.
  • Drink warm water to narrow any mucus resulting in stuffiness of the nose.


Although allergy can cause sinus and migraine headaches, allergy is usually not a common cause of these headaches.

Are you allergic to pollen? Then you should try as much as you can to prevent it as it can cause hay fever which may indicate symptoms of headaches.

If you are experiencing symptoms of allergy headaches or your headache is severe then you should consult a doctor for testing.

When your doctor has identified the cause or trigger, you should take medications to help reduce pain.